Diabetes is a systemic disease that affects the natural ability of the body to process sugar. As such, diabetes often results to high blood sugar level that causes unwanted health complications to various parts of the body, including the eyes, nerves, kidneys, heart – and the mouth is not an exception.
People who are suffering from diabetes are at a significantly greater risk of developing a number of oral health anomalies. Among the most prominent of which include:
- Dry mouth. Diabetics who remain unable to properly control their blood sugar levels are most likely to suffer from xerostomia. Popularly referred to as dry mouth, xerostomia easily is a gateway condition to more serious dental anomalies such as mouth soreness, ulcers, infections, and tooth decay.
- Gum disease. A constantly growing body of research cites the strong link between gum disease and diabetes. And it goes both ways. On one end, the already compromised resistance of the body against any form of infection allows gum disease to develop among diabetics more often and at more severe level compared to patients who don’t have the disease. Conversely, it appears that by keeping gum disease under control diabetic patients are able to control their blood sugar level more efficiently.
- Fungal infections. Diabetes compromises the natural ability of the body to ward off all kinds of infection, not only those that results from bacteria. As such, diabetics are also more susceptible to developing fungal infections. Among the most telling symptoms of fungal infections include mouth sores and persisting difficulty in swallowing.